Topic Overview:

Current nationally determined contributions remain seriously inadequate to meet temperature goals. It raises awarness and activities of NGOs and/or individuals worldwide resulting in climate change cases. The aim is to find out, what is the legal status of NGOs or individuals and their legal possibilities to file a climate action,  to make a survey of existing climate change cases including what kind of climate actions (private or public law) were already filed.
Masaryk University, Faculty of Law, Department of Environmental and Land Law
Climate Change Litigation in Brasil/USA
Palacky University in Olomouc, Law Faculty, Department of International and European Law
Multinational Organizations and Human Rights Abuses
Topic Overview:

Multinational Organizations and Human Rights Abuses – current trends and challenges in international law.

Task:

Basic research, case analyses and presentations, short reviews and reporting.
Palacky University in Olomouc, Law Faculty
Europeanization in Brazil
Topic Overview:

Relations between the EU and Brazil dates back to 1960 and the cooperation further intensified in 2007 when so called “Strategic Partnership was introduced. The main  aim of this project will be an analysis of mutual relations in the context of Europeanization concept. Europeanization is widely researched as the influence of the EU on  its member states or its candidate countries but very few articles are dedicated to the influence of the EU beyond Europe. Next to the providing overview of mutual  relations, project will look at the character of Europeanization and the influence of the EU in Brazil: in the areas of politics, policy or polity.

Task:

The intern will go trough the process of writing an article. First, some literature about Europeanization will be provided to know the concept and method, then the tasks will include searching for resources and information, writing the manuscript, editing etc. All stages will be under close cooperation with supervisor.

Requirements:

Good level of English, Interest in EU affairs and previous experience with academic writing is welcome. This internship project is well suitable for someone who is thinking about future Ph.D. in politics, international relations, European studies, or law.

Outcomes:

Hopefully, our cooperation will lead to joint article about Europeanization in Brazil which will be published in one of the academic journals.

References:

Thomas Risse, Tanja A. Börzel, Frank Schimmelfenning or Johan Olsen regarding Europeanization theory
University of Hradec Králové, Philosophical Faculty, Department of Politics
Threats to Academic Freedom in Brazil
Topic Overview:

The academic freedom has become a hot topic in Brasil when the actual government of Jair Bolsonaro announced its plans to dramatically cut down the budget of Universities with respect to social sciences. These political intentions to restrict leeway of  Universities and getthem under the political control is not exceptional to Brasilian context, considering the highly restrictive  measures of Hungarian government towards Central European University in Budapest. That is why this internship will ask the  students to work with legal measures of actual government that aim at functioning of universities and their research activities. We are mostly interested in the governmental efforts to restrict academic freedom be it limitations on budgets or more indirect forms such as career limitations for politically critical academics and so on.

Task:

Looking for direct and indirect forms of limitation of academic freedom from the part of Brazilian government. Looking for all kinds of restrictions against Universities with respect to social sciences.

Requirements:

This internship is generally suitable for students of political science (or law).

Outcomes:

Reviews of literature/documents, governmental decrees and legal measures, rules and restrictions of academic freedom; possible cooperation on publication.
Palacky University in Olomouc, Law Faculty, Department of Legal Theory and Legal History
Customary Law in Czechia and Brazil
Topic Overview:

Goal of the project: To analyze and compare the role of customary law in Czech and Brazilian legal system, especially the role of the judicial institutions in the enforcement of customs, the influence of constitutional court on legal system, the history of customary law.

Task:

Analysis of customary law in Brazil.

Requirements:

Knowledge of English, interest in legal theory is an advantage.

Outcomes:

Short article, presentation.

References:

The output of the research may be a co-authored article in English to be submitted into the Czech law journal “The Lawyer Quarterly”.
Topic Overview:

The focus is on how Air Quality Monitoring, if any, function in selected country and how it  is regulated.  Is there any system of  Air Quality monitoring governed by the state or any other public authority and how does it work? Is there a legal instrument  similar or close to the Low-Emission Zones (introduced in many EU countries)?

Task:

Research on the sources of information and on information itself about the topic listed above. Finding relevant literature,  legislation, case-law concerning the topic along with its abstraction.

Requirements:

Knowledge of Law, preferably Environmental Law and/or Environmental Studies (recommended not required)

Outcomes:

The source codes of your solution as well as i) a poster presenting the solved problem, your approach to solve it, properties of this solution and ii) a gallery of images and/or videos to demonstrate representative results produced by your solution.
Masaryk University, Faculty of Law, Department of Environmental and Land Law
Air Quality Monitoring and Regulation
Topic Overview:

Animal protection and welfare is relevant topic in every modern society. Legal adjustment has the greatest significance in  ensuring level of animal welfare, at least from the practical point of view. It determines minimum standards and sets up  requirements for persons to fulfil. However, these standards vary from country to country and even from kind of animals to  another one. Therefore, it is useful to focus on selected countries and just one kind of animal, for example a horse. Equestrian sports and horse breeding has its place all around the world, including Czech republic and Brazil/USA, where it has long  tradition. For this reason, comparison of their legal frames relating to this topic could be interesting and mutually beneficial.  The goal is to find out if/how legal adjustment  protects horses from being abused or mistreated.

Task:

Locating and providing relevant resources; cooperation in carrying out the analysis (if interested).

Outcomes:

A poster; an article.
Masaryk University, Faculty of Law, Department of Environmental and Land Law
Animal Protection and Welfare
University of West Bohemia, Pilsen, Faculty of Law, Department of Financial Law and National Economy
International Comparison of Tax Systems
Topic Overview:

The student will participate on a project that is aimed at comparison of tax systems in different countries, especially EU Member States. They willwork individually in the first part of their stay, during the semester, there will be a team of students working on the project, both from the Czech Republic and from other EU Member states (Erasmus students who are on student exchange stay).

Task:

The students will participate in partial projects to create a comparative case study in a specific tax problem. The problem will be solved from the point of view of different tax systems. The purpose is to find situations, where there is a very different tax treatment in the same situation. At the beginning, the students will work individually and they are encouraged to bring their own ideas of problems they would like to work on (on comparison of Brazilian and Czech tax systems in the particular area). The students will then work in small groups, each student will work on the case study from the perspective of his/her home country tax system.

Requirements:

Basic knowledge of MS Office package, knowledge of Brazilian tax system, specialization in financial and tax law appreciated.

Outcomes:

At the end of the project, a book will be published with the results of the work of the students. Partial outcomes of the project will be published as well.
Palacky University in Olomouc, Law Faculty
Sustainability and Conflict
Topic Overview:

Sustainability and conflict:  investigate how state and non-state conflict is linked to struggle over resources and climate change while considering the impact of  international governmental and non- governmental institutions. On a selected case study, examine the interconnectedness of political stability, human rights protection,  economic security, environmental sustainability, long-term human development, inequality, and peace cooperation in domestic and foreign policies. These can include a specific focus on youth engagement, women’s rights and indigenous population.

Task:

Look up teaching and study material, article review, prepare interactive class material, co-write a text (if interested).
University of Hradec Králové, Philosophical Faculty, Department of Politics
Banning Political Parties in Brazil
Topic Overview:

Very little is known about how and for what legal motives are (and could be) political parties banned in Brazil. This internship will ask the student to work with party laws in Brazil, their historical evolution and reforms, the legal reasons for different  motives of party dissolution, actual instances of banning political parties. I am mostly interested in legal motives that ban  parties for not reaching certain thresholds in elections (either certain number of votes or seats), but details of any other legal reasons are fine as well.

Task:

Looking for laws and historical cases of actual bans of political parties. Making a list of such banned parties and the reasons for their bans. Looking for debates surrounding the adoption of particular reasons of party bans.

Requirements:

This internship is generally suitable for students of political science (or law).

Outcomes:

List of party bans, literature review.
University of Hradec Králové, Philosophical Faculty, Department of Politics
Representation of Brazilian Indigenous Women in Politics
Topic Overview:

The election of Jair Bolsonaro in Brasil has caused heated debate about the rights of local indigenous people. The actual  president doesn’t hide his aversion to the indigenous minority, defending big capital and extraction at the expense of  indigenous territorial rights and cultural integrity. At the same time the president also has made himself famous for various  misogynist statements. Taken together presidents’ declarations, first governmental steps and its ideological orientation, the situation in Brasil under the lead of Jair Bolsonaro seems to be especially detrimental for indigenous women that would  experience the negative impact of governmental policies in both temathic fields. That is why this intership will ask students to examine the possibilities of Brasilian indigenous women for political representation. We are especially interested in the  trends of indigenous women’ political representation be it descriptive or substantive under the actual government in comparison with previous ones. In this sense the students would focus on indigenous women representatives in state power structures (parliament, government) and content of policies relevant for this sector of society.

Task:

Analysing trends and structure of  Brasilian indigenous women representation.

Requirements:

This internship is generally suitable for students of political science (or law).

Outcomes:

Reviews of literature/documents, database of indigenous women representatives in state power structures.
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