Topic Overview:

After the Great Powers enforced the opening of the Japanese ports in the middle of the 50s of the 19th century most of the Great Powers followed a cautious policy. The statesmen in London, Washington, St. Petersburg and Paris were aware of the opportunities (especially economic) in Japan. However, they also appreciated the competition, which they had to challenge. Their diplomacy therefore carefully observed the internal situation of Japan, where the power and authority of the  Tokugawa bakufu diminished. The British policy also had to challenge several crisis and problems connected with the anti-foreign movement, which culminated in a series of attacks against the British (and other foreign) nationals and their property. With regard to the fact, that these incidents were caused by the members of the anti-Shogunate clans, Britain initially tried to cooperate with the central government in Edo. France went even further and participated on the modernization of the  Tokugawa army and supported the Shogunate government. However due to the policy of the bakufu, the British started to concentrate on the support of the anti-Tokugawa opposition. Britain and France therefore became rivals in Japan. This competition continued even during the first decades of the Meiji regime. In that time Britain contributed to the modernization of the Japanese fleet. France sent its army instructors to Japan and was engaged in the armament of the Japanese armed forces, although it had to challenge a competition of other European countries (especially Prussia) during this process. Both countries therefore significantly contributed to the modernization of Japan. On the other hand, other Great Powers had much more limited goals. The United States concentrated on their economic interest and Russia tried to gain territorial gains – especially the Kuril Islands, Sakhalin, Hokkaido and the islands in the Tsushima strait – which was hindered by Britain.  This project will therefore focus on the comparison of the influence and politics of the Great Powers in Japan in the second half of the 19th and the analysis of their interests and methods which they used to enforce them.

Tasks and Outcomes:

Depending on the agreement with the supervisor of the collaboration topic.
University of West Bohemia, Faculty of Philosophy and Arts, Department of Historical Sciences
The Great Powers and Japan in the Second Half of the 19th Century
University of Hradec Králové, Philosophical Faculty, Institute of History
Feud and Vengeance in Pre-Modern Latin America
Topic Overview:

Feud and vengeance belong to the concepts that are widely researched in the framework of European history. The topic has  been explored from different standpoints for a long time and furthermore, an important intercultural perspective has been  frequently applied recently. However, the research space for conducting such approach in the field of pre-modern Latin American history seems still unused.

Task:

The supervisor offers his experience and knowledge of research approaches   to the topic. He will provide an applicant with methodological texts and   assist him/her with the research.The applicant will be expected to get acquainted with the provided  theory and methodology and then to work on the issue on his/her own applying the aforementioned approaches with the use  of the Latin American scholarly literature and archives. The research output shall be published in English in the form of a  journal article (percentage of supervisor´s and applicant´s share on the result is open for their common agreement after  specification of the research scope).

Requirements:

Early modern history, history of political thought, social history.

Outcomes:

Article.
Masaryk University, Faculty of Arts, Department of Romance Languages and Literatures
Collective Memory of the Traditional People and Their Descendants in Brazilian Amazonia
Topic Overview:

The search of the collective memory of traditional people and their descendants in Brazilian Amazonia is part of a wider project of our department, “Center  and Periphery”.  The project focuses the process of deperiferization and autonomization of different literatures provided from historically colonized territories and their fight for cultural  identity. Mapping the process of maintaining and recreating of traditional Amazonian people cultural identity (mainly indigenous people and ribeirinhos) takes place in the search dedicated to Brazilian literature.

Task:

Mapping the current situation in Brazilian Amazonia in terms of preservation and developing of cultural identity of the communities of traditional people and their descendants:
a) how the communities in different areas (rural, urban, villages in the rainforest) preserve and disseminate their collective memory;
b) what kind of institutions support and defend their initiatives;
c) what kind of negative influence or risks are the communities facing;
d) how the situation has changed since 2019 (with the new Ambiental  policy of Bolsonaro´s government).

Requirements:

There is no language requirement, the cooperation will be developed in Portuguese.
Topic Overview:

The aim of this course is to present and evaluate selected basic problems related to the Imperial (particularly British-Dominion perspectives and attitudes) history of the British Empire in the 19th and 20th centuries. It will focus on selected domestic, imperial foreign policy and inter-imperial issues related to the history of Great Britain  and its empire (especially crown colonies and Dominions), which in the period were important for its development (constitutional relations, colonial wars, overseas  disputes etc.) and in relation to international events (organization after the First World War – Paris Peace Conference –, British-American relations) and the challenges  (nationalism, appeasement, decolonization process, international crisis and incidents etc.) it had to face.

Tasks and Outcomes:

Depending on the agreement with the supervisor of the collaboration topic.
University of West Bohemia, Faculty of Philosophy and Arts, Department of Historical Sciences
Selected Chapters from British Imperial History
Palacky University in Olomouc, Faculty of Arts, Department of History
Memory Studies
Topic Overview:

Memory Studies is a new interdisciplinary research field combining knowledge of various disciplines. It reflects how societies and individuals remember and in which ways these representations shape our actions, understandings and identities.

Task:

Background research and database search, heuristics.

Requirements:

English.

Outcomes:

Hopefully, our cooperation will lead to joint article about Europeanization in Brazil which will be published in one of the academic journals.

References:

https://www.memorystudiesassociation.org/, https://journals.sagepub.com/home/mss
Palacký University in Olomouc, Faculty of Arts, Department of History
Historical Dimension of Czechoslovak-Brazil Relations
Topic Overview:

Czechoslovakia (Czech Republic) and Brazil have a tradition of more than 100 years of bilateral diplomatic relations.  However, historiographies on both sides of the Atlantic never researched them properly. Some topics were the object of  interest but usually it was a one-sided interpretation. I believe this remote academic internship project can change it and introduce a modern internationalist approach and present both sides of a specific problem. Together with my Brazilian intern I plan to identify one specific chapter of Czechoslovak-Brazilian relations and research it from both perspectives. I will study the Czech archives and my counterpart the Brazilian ones, principally the Itamaraty historical archive in Rio de  Janeiro. Together we will then write an article and submit it to a Scopus journal. Possible topics may be: Munich agreement and Brazil; World War II cooperation; economic relations; Brazilian participation on Czechoslovak fairs in the Interwar period and so on.

Task:

Archival research and paper writing.

Requirements:

Interest in history and/or international relations. Experience with archival research is welcome.

Outcomes:

Collaborative publication of one article.

References:

http://dibrarq.arquivonacional.gov.br/index.php/arquivo-historico-do-itamaraty?sf_culture=en; http://ererio.itamaraty.gov.br/pt-br/arquivo_historico.xml; https://minrel.gob.cl/minrel/ministerio/archivo-general-historico/radi/archivo-de-la-cancilleria-de-brasil
University of Hradec Králové, Philosophical Faculty, Institute of History
The Concept of Republic in the Early Modern and Modern Political Thought
Topic Overview:

The question what the republic is has been almost covered in the 20th   century with the contribution of the modern political science that classifies this system of government as the opposite to monarchical constitution. However, such approach totally neglects diverse meanings of the term   “republic” which were linked to the broader tradition of republicanism in the   early modern period from the 16th to the 19th century. If one takes this historical tradition of republicanism into consideration, it is necessary to admit that the concept of republic – based   on the idea of popular sovereignty and the  revival of ancient values – played   a significant role in the struggle of European societies towards their   political  emancipation since the ideals of citizenship, political virtue and   participation helped to transform the centralized absolutist systems into   modern national and democratic states. In this regard, the question of possible link between the idea of republic and national as well as political emancipation in the environment of the Latin America is highly intriguing, since there might be important similarities between its social and political development in the 19th century with the trends identified in the space of Central and Eastern Europe.

Task:

The supervisor who has conducted systematic research of the Central European political thought from the 16th to the 19th century with the special focus on the history of republicanism will train the   applicant concerning the skills of history of ideas,  contextualist approaches   based on the methodology of the Cambridge school and discourse analysis. The applicant will work on his/her own research of the republican political thought either in the context of Latin American political discourse or in the comparative framework with the emphasis on the European milieu (both options are possible and negotiable). As the main result of the research activity one can consider a journal article in English ready to be published in a renowned scientific journal (this article is supposed to be the common output of the supervisor and the applicant).

Requirements:

Early modern history, history of ideas, political theory and philosophy.

Outcomes:

Article.
Masaryk University, Faculty of Arts, Department of Romance Languages and Literatures
Migration from Central Europe to Brazil, 1850-1938
Topic Overview:

There has been a steady influx of individuals and smaller groups from Central Europe to the southern parts of the American continent since the colonial period that grew stronger throughout the nineteenth century. Then, important main impetus for greater motivation for settling in Latin America came with the migration Immigration Act of 1924 which limited the possibilities for Central and Eastern Europeans to enter the USA. Coupled with the instigations from part of the Brzailian government, these developments resulted in settlement of thousands of Czechs in Brazil, some in compact ethnic communities, others dispersed across the country, and an even higher number of migrant workers who moved back and forth across the Atlantic. While the presence of these migrants resulted in economic developments (in partocular in such fields as beer brewing or railroad  construction) and sometimes in cultural enrichment, there were also negative responses from part of the Brasilian press and public, expressing the  fears of political and cultural destabilization brought about by these “strangers”.

The migrations of Czechs to Brazil have been already studied by Czech historians, within the frame of the efforts to identify “Czech footsteps abroad” and to understand the nature of modernization processes in the mother country – the mass migration was one of the negative results of these  processes. Recently, efforts are being made to put the specific case to the broader context of different types of migration – transatlantic, continental or  regional – and to understand the situation in the whole of the Central Europe (Austro-Hungarian monarchy and the newly unified Germany).[1] There has been, however, less work done with respect to the receiving societies and their specific ways to deal with the migration wave. The aim of the  project is precisely this: to insert the problem of Czech enclave in Brazil into the study of modern Brazilian history, and at the same time to map the preserved archival funds and newspaper coverages of the period, to complement the documentary funds in Central Europe.

[1] For the general problem of the migration from Central Europe to Latin Ameirca, see the volumes from a series of  conferences organized by the Centre of Ibero-American Studies: Emigración centroeuropea a América Latina I-IV, all edited by Josef Opatrný (published between, 2000 and 2006). There are also other valuable collective volumes and monographs, such as Juliana Puskás (ed.), Overseas Migration from East-Central and Souteastern Europe 1880-1940, Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1990; Ursula Prutsch, Aventureros, utopistas, emigrantes : del Imperio Habsburgo a las Americas, Budapest 2017; and specifically for the migration to Brazil, Ursula Prutsch, Das Geschäft mit der Hoffnung: österreichische Auswanderung nach Brasilien 1918 – 1938 (Wien/Köln/Weimar: Bohlau, 1996).

Task:

To review and summarize the existing publications on (Central European) migrations by Brazilian historians and the current methodological approaches to the problem of migrations of late 19th and early 20th century. To review the accessible newspaper coverings and/or archival sources (the precisation of the funds to be reviewed will be done after consulting with the tutor at the beginning of the task). Cooperation in writing an article based on these sources.

Requirements:

Basic training in work with archival sources, ability to write in academic English.

Outcomes:

Joint publication of an article based on the sources identified both in Brazil and in the Czech Republic.

References:

Křížová, M., Between “here” and “over there”: Short-term and circular mobility from the Czech Lands to Latin America (1880s-1930s), in Hungarian Historical Review 7:2 (2018), 191-218 https://www.jstor.org/stable/26571602?seq=1#metadata_info_tab_contents
Prutsch, U., Migrantes na periferia: indígenas, europeus e japoneses no Paraná durante as primeiras décadas do século XX. História, Cięncias, Saúde – Manguinhos, Rio de Janeiro, 2013  https://www.researchgate.net/publication/260271595_Migrants_on_the_periphery_Indigenous_Brazilians_European_and_Japanese_immigrants_in_the_state_of_Parana_during_the_early_decades_of_the_twentieth_century [accessed Aug 02 2021].
Task:

Intern is supposed to find as much relevant information from miscellaneous sources (newspaper and other archives,  professional historical literature as possible and create a short study with citations and extensive bibliographical information focused on the South American sources.

Requirements:

English language necessary, Spanish language beneficial.

Outcomes:

Paper (English, 15-20 standard pages) with citations and outline of bibliographical information that can be used as reference (source) by Czech researchers.
Technical University of Liberec, Faculty of Science, Humanities and Education, Department of History
Active Power and Energy Revenue Measurement at Simultaneous Consumption and Generation under Nonsymmetrical and Time-variable Conditions
Task:

Intern is supposed to find as much relevant information from miscellaneous sources (newspaper and other archives,  professional historical literature as possible and create a short study with citations and extensive bibliographical information focused on the South American sources.

Requirements:

English language necessary, Spanish language beneficial.

Outcomes:

Paper (English, 15-20 standard pages) with citations and outline of bibliographical information that can be used as reference (source) by Czech researchers.
Technical University of Liberec, Faculty of Science, Humanities and Education, Department of History
Reactions to the so-called "Prague Spring" 1968 and the invasion of Soviet troops into Czechoslovakia in Brazil and other South American countries (press, historiography, oral history)
Task:

Intern is supposed to find as much relevant information from miscellaneous sources (newspaper and other archives,  professional historical literature as possible and create a short study with citations and extensive bibliographical information focused on the South American sources.

Requirements:

English language necessary, Spanish language beneficial.

Outcomes:

Paper (English, 15-20 standard pages) with citations and outline of bibliographical information that can be used as reference (source) by Czech researchers.
Technical University of Liberec, Faculty of Science, Humanities and Education, Department of History
Reactions to the so-called "Velvet revolution" of 1989 in Brazil and other South American countries (press, historiography, oral history)
Task:

Intern is supposed to find as much relevant information from miscellaneous sources (newspaper and other archives,  professional historical literature as possible and create a short study with citations and extensive bibliographical information focused on the South American sources.

Requirements:

English language necessary, Spanish language beneficial.

Outcomes:

Paper (English, 15-20 standard pages) with citations and outline of bibliographical information that can be used as reference (source) by Czech researchers.
Technical University of Liberec, Faculty of Science, Humanities and Education, Department of History
Reactions to the Broadcasting of the Orson Wells´s radio play "War of the Worlds" in South America (especially Quito Ecuador) and other cases of mass hysteria in Brazil and South America
© 2021 INCBAC
Institute of Czech-Brazilian Academic Cooperation  |  Prague - Czech Republic
Connect with us: