University of Hradec Králové, Faculty of Science, Department of Biology
Biodiversity of Agroforestry
Topic Overview:

Comparison of the biodiversity in agroforestry habitats with semi-natural or natural habitats (forests and grasslands) in Brazil.

Task:

The ability to enjoy work in nature. Collection of data about selected taxon (species and abundances). Statistical analyses (not necessary).

Requirements:

Knowledge on selected taxon (e.g., birds, butterflies) – i.e., ability to   identify species. Knowledge about biostatistics (e.g., R) or will learn it from us.

Outcomes:

Report with possible publication.

References:

https://www.researchgate.net/lab/Research-Centre-for-Biodiversity-Jakub-Horak
University of Hradec Králové, Faculty of Science, Department of Biology
Ticks and Tick-borne Pathogens in Brazil
Topic Overview:

Ticks are obligate ectoparasites that feed on the blood of their hosts. There are three families of ticks classified as Ixodidae, Argasidae, and Nuttalliellidae. Ticks not only  cause physical damage to their hosts by sucking blood and injuring skin, but many of tick species also can transmit pathogens to their host. Ticks can transmit bacterial,  parasitic, and viral pathogens and often harbour more than one agent simultaneously. Tick-borne pathogens are widespread and have a significant impact on human and  animal health. The proposed thesis provides a systematic overview and a basic knowledge in ticks and tick-borne pathogens in Brazil.

Task:

To make a brief review and present it to us.

Requirements:

To be in a study program in natural science.

Outcomes:

Literature review, presentation.
Charles University, Faculty of Science, Department of Ecology
Comparative Ecology of Savanna Birds
Topic Overview:

Savannas are tropical biomes that originated independently on several continents, including South America and Australia. They have similar climatic regimes and vegetation physiognomy. They also host a very rich assemblages of birds. However, a  comprehensive comparison of savanna avifaunas has not been conducted so far. The aim of this project is to compare  savanna birds of South America (Cerrado) and Australia in terms of species richness and ecological strategies (food, foraging, habitat preferences).

Task:

a) Create a list of species commonly encountered in Cerrado and savannas of Australia.
b) Create a spatial occupancy matrix of these species based on species ranges.
c) Create a data file with their life-history and ecological characteristics.
d) Map species richness and ecological characteristics of savanna birds spatially.
e) Relate species richness and ecology to climatic and vegetation characteristics of savanna ecosystems.

Requirements:

Very good command of English. Strong interest in ecology and ornithology. A working knowledge of the R computing environment (https://www.r-project.org), preferably in conjunction with R Studio IDE (https://www.rstudio.com). Experience with GIS analyses and the ability to perform them in R. Independence and strong working morale.

Outcomes:

The intern should compile a research report based on his/her findings. Additional outputs will include data files compiled  during the internship.

References:

https://www.r-project.org;  https://www.rstudio.com;  Relevant R software packages include (but are not limited to): raster, sp, maptools, letsR Chapters 1-8 and 14 in Geocomputation with R (https://geocompr.robinlovelace.net)
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