University of West Bohemia, Pilsen, Faculty of Law, Department of Constitutional and European Law
Goal of the project: to analyse the constitutions, constitutional systems of states in Latin America according to standard comparative methods. The Latin America states do have very colourful history and constitutional development since they reached their independence on former colonial power. Unfortunately this is not to be a main subject of European based comparative constitutional lawyers and therefore it would be very interesting to explore the topic more. There are several important issues to be researched, such as the level of federalism in selected states (such as Brasil, Mexico etc.), the approach and consistency with Inter-American Convention on Human Rights and the reconstruction of the constitutional regimes after fall of totalitarian government, as well as many other topics, covering system of governments, role of legislature, limitation of executive power and role of the judiciary in within the system. The whole project shall be aimed to fit the analyses into known and documented comparative framework in Europe.
Requirements: knowledge of English, Portuguese and Spanish, it would be helpful if there is understanding of French or German. Knowledge of Czech will be provided by the university staff in the Czech Republic.
OLOMOUC - Palacky University in Olomouc
Goal of the project: This project aims at comparing how Brazilian and Czech law regulate the relationship between international law and domestic law. This question continues to be a hot theoretic as well as practical topic, since it determines how (and how effectively) international legal obligations are reflected and implemented on the national level. Particular attention should be paid to the position of international human rights treaties and decisions of international human rights judicial and quasi-judicial bodies (such as the ECtHR and IACtHR).
Requirements: knowledge of English, basic knowledge of international law, help with Czech language will be provided by the university staff if necessary.
Recommended for: law students (undergraduate or postgraduate)